Essay About Biography Of Tun Abdul Razak

 

Tun Abdul Razak Memorial, Jalan Perdana, Kuala Lumpur is located in the vicinity of the National Mosque, National Planetarium, National Museum and the Bird's Park. The Sri Taman Building was converted into the Tun Abdul Razak Memorial to commemorate this contributions towards the nation. The Tun occupied this building from 1962 to the day he passed away.


Tun Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussain was the second Prime Minister of Malaysia. He was born in Pulau Keladi, Pahang 11 March 1922. Tun Abdul Razak was a pragmatic leader who had made immense contributions to the nation.

The impact of his ideas can be seen in the Education Policy, based on the Razak Report 1956 in the Rural Development Policy and the New Economic Policy. He also mended ties between the races after the May 13th incident and forward a coalition, the National Front in 1974.



In the area of international relations, Tun Abdul Razak formulated a pragmatic foreign affair policy which was very affective in assuring security and stability within the country and South East Asia.

Tun conceptualized a Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality (ZOPFAN), a concept that was incorporated in the Kuala Lumpur Declaration of 1971.

Tun Abdul Razak passed away on 14th January 1976 at 54. His death was a great loss to the country. The epithet "Father of Development" reflects the Tun's commitment to the nations' growth and development.

Exhibition

The exhibition is divided into 2 Phases. Phase 1 consists of 650 items drawn from Archives, Museum and Library materials. The materials on display reflect a wide variety of subjects. The exhibits relate to Biographical Details, souvenirs, Memorabilia and various subject areas such as Education, Defense, Politics, Development and Foreign Affairs. The untimely passing of the Tun, and the posthumous founding of the Tun Razak Foundation are also covered. Apart from photographs and documents, personal and family collections are also on display.

Phase 2 consist of 1580 items related to Tun Abdul Razak. The exhibits relate to his term of office as Minister and Prime Minister. The areas of concern include Politics, Development and Religion. A multimedia performance on the Tun also awaits visitors to the memorial. The Tun Abdul Razak Memorial provides facilities such as Library, Research Room, Information Centre and Souvenir Shop for the visitors

This article is about a former Malaysian politician. For former Burmese politician, see U Razak.

This is a Malay name; the name Hussein is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Abdul Razak. The Arabic word "bin" ("b.") or "binti"/"binte" ("bt."/"bte."), if used, means "son of" or "daughter of" respectively.

TunHaji Abdul Razak bin Dato' Haji Hussein (Jawi: عبدال رازک حسین; b. 11 March 1922 – d. 14 January 1976) was the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, ruling from 1970 to 1976.

Tun Razak was the Prime Minister responsible in setting up Barisan Nasional, which is the ruling coalition of political parties that have held power in Malaysia till today, taking over from its predecessor, the Alliance. He is also renowned for launching the Malaysian New Economic Policy (MNEP).

Background[edit]

Born in Pekan, Pahang on 11 March 1922,[1] Abdul Razak is the first of two children to Dato' Hussein bin Mohd Taib and Datin Hajah Teh Fatimah bt Daud. Of aristocratic descent, Abdul Razak studied at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar.

After joining the Malay Administrative Service in 1939, he was awarded a scholarship to study at Raffles College in Singapore in 1940. His studies at the college ceased with the onset of the Second World War. During the war he helped organise the Wataniah resistance movement in Pahang.[2]

After World War II, Abdul Razak left for Britain in 1947 to study law. In 1950 he received a law degree and qualified as barrister at Lincoln's Inn in London. During his student days in England, Abdul Razak was a member of the British Labour Party and a prominent student leader of the Malay Association of Great Britain. He also formed the Malayan Forum.

Political involvement[edit]

Upon his return from the United Kingdom, in 1950, Tun Razak joined the Malayan Civil Service.[1] Owing to his political calibre, he became the youth chief for United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). Two years later, he worked as the Assistant State Secretary of Pahang and in February 1955, at just 33 years of age, became Pahang's Chief Minister.

Razak stood in and won a seat in Malaysia's first general elections in July 1955 and was appointed as the Education Minister. He was instrumental in the drafting of the Razak Report which formed the basis of the Malayan education system. Tun Razak was also a key member of the February 1956 mission to London to seek the independence of Malaya from the British.[1]

After the general elections in 1959, he became the Minister of Rural Development in addition to holding the portfolios of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, which he held from 1957.[1] His achievements include formulating the development policy known as the Red Book.

Infusing young blood[edit]

At the time of Separation of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia in 1965, Tun Razak realised that UMNO needed more young leaders in the party. Faced with, amongst other things Lee Kuan Yew's considerable rhetorical skills, Razak wanted young Malay leaders – grounded in their own faith and culture – who would be able to speak and if necessary debate both in the Malay language and English language.

Razak understood that power resided in the Malay community and that for this power to be wielded effectively, the elite among the Malays had to be an elite determined by ability, aptitude and commitment to the nation as a whole. Class, birth and money were secondary in his calculations.

As a consequence of this initiative, the then young leaders of mixed heritage in UMNO, such as Mahathir Mohamad, were drafted into higher echelons of the political establishment.

In 1967 he was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for community leadership.

Prime Ministership[edit]

After the 13 May Incident in 1969, his faction in UMNO overthrew[citation needed]Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra and imposed a State of Emergency, ruling by decree as the National Operations Council until 1970.[1] On September 1970, Tunku Abdul Rahman succeeded Tun Abdul Razak as the Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Tun Razak set up the Barisan Nasional or National Front on 1 January 1973 to replace the ruling Alliance Party. He increased the membership of its parties and coalitions in an effort to establish "Ketahanan Nasional" (National Strength) through political stability.

Tun Razak is also renowned for launching the Malaysian New Economic Policy (MNEP) in 1971. He and the "second generation" of Malay politicians saw the need to tackle vigorously the economic and social disparities which fuelled racial antagonism. The MNEP set two basics goals – to reduce and eventually eradicate poverty, and to reduce and eventually eradicate identification of economic function with race.

Death[edit]

Due in part to leukaemia, Abdul Razak died in office on 14 January 1976[1] while seeking medical treatment in London. He was posthumously granted the soubriquet Bapa Pembangunan (Father of Development). He was laid to rest in Heroes Mausoleum near Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur.

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Honours[edit]

Places after him[edit]

Several places were named after him, including:

  • There are several roads and highways in Malaysia and one in Indonesia named after Tun Razak such as Tun Razak Highway (Federal Route connecting Segamat, Johor to Gambang, Pahang), Jalan Tun Razak in Kuala Lumpur (part of Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1), Jalan Tun Abdul Razak in Johor Bahru (part of Skudai Highway), Jalan Tun Abdul Razak in Ipoh (also known as Maxwell Road), Jalan Tun Abdul Razak in Melaka City (street name for Melaka Bypass), Jalan Tun Razak in Kota Kinabalu, Jalan Tun Abdul Razak in Gowa, Indonesia (known as Jalan Hertasning Baru and Jalan Aroepala) and Jalan Tun Razak in Precinct 2 Putrajaya
  • Taman Tun Abdul Razak also known as Taman TAR (Residential Area in Ampang)
  • Bandar Tun Razak in Kuala Lumpur and Bandar Tun Abdul Razak, Pahang are the towns named after Tun Razak.
  • The most prominent landmark in Georgetown, Penang is the KOMTAR building, the Tun Abdul Razak Complex, housing stores and offices. Another building of the same name was also built in Johor Bahru.
  • The SK Tun Abdul Razak primary schools in Kuala Kubu Bharu, Selangor.
  • The SMK Tun Abdul Razak secondary schools both in Selekoh, Perak and Kuching, Sarawak.
  • The Tun Abdul Razak Research Centre in Brickendonbury, England, is named in his.
  • KD Tun Abdul Razak, a Scorpene class submarine of the Royal Malaysian Navy
  • Tun Abdul Razak Chancellor Hall (DECTAR) at the National University of Malaysia (UKM) in Bangi, Selangor
  • Tun Abdul Razak Library (PTAR) at MARA University of Technology (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor
  • MRSM Tun Abdul Razak, MARA Junior Science College in Pekan, Pahang.
  • Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Tun Abdul Razak (SBPITAR), integrated boarding school in Pekan, Pahang
  • Sekolah Dato' Abdul Razak (SDAR), all-boys boarding school in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan.
  • Universiti Tun Abdul Razak (UNITAR), private university in Kuala Lumpur.
  • Tun Abdul Razak Residential College, one of residential college in Universiti Malaysia Perlis
  • Tun Razak Hockey Stadium, located in the Jalan Duta National Sports Complex, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Dewan Tun Abdul Razak is another gallery of Sarawak Museum.
  • Institut Teknologi Tun Abdul Razak, private institution in Petaling Jaya, Selangor
  • Tun Abdul Razak Hockey Cup
  • Tun Abdul Razak Heritage Park, public recreational park in Kuala Lumpur
  • Tun Abdul Razak Memorial
  • Piala Tun Hj. Abdul Razak bin Hussein, trophy that is awarded to the winner of Pertandingan Bahas Piala Perdana Menteri in Hari Anugerah Kecemerlangan Sekolah Berasrama Penuh
  • Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Deputy Prime Minister Razak greeting New Zealand Prime Minister Walter Nash in 1960.
Deputy Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak with US President John F. Kennedy at the White House in 1961

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