Women Empowerment In India Essay For Kids

Nobel Laureate Malala Yousafzai famously quoted “I raise up my voice—not so I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard…we cannot succeed when half of us are held back.”, and that sentiment precisely outlines the basis of new age women empowerment. Discrimination against women is rampant all over the world even in this 21st century. Patriarchal societies in most countries are adept at exploitation as well as victimization of women. Even though about 50% of the world’s population consists of women, but unfortunately most of them are denied basic rights education, freedom of speech, voting power and even independent identity. Crimes directed specifically against women are reported from all over the world. There still remain questions about acceptance of women empowerment in the most advanced of countries, while developing nations and nations under political duress are far from achieving the desired status.

In India, in theory, women enjoy a status of equality with the men as per constitutional and legal provisions. Arguably, our country has taken enormous strides towards inclusion of women with the fairer gender excelling in diverse fields, from literature to astrophysics to finance. But with headlines about dowry killing, female foeticides and domestic violence still making the newspapers, put a silent question mark behind the two words. Here, in this current age, true development and growth can only be achieved by taking successful strides in eliminating deep-rooted ideologies of gender bias and discrimination like the confinement of women to the private domestic realm, restrictions on their mobility, poor access to health services, nutrition, education and employment, and exclusion from the public and political sphere

Meaning of Women Empowerment

If it is to be elucidated beyond the two self-explanatory words, ‘Women Empowerment’ refers to complete emancipation of women from socio-economic shackles of dependency and deprivations. Often made synonymous to gender equality, the term women empowerment encompasses a much larger set of principles that needs whole-hearted attention. The concept of empowerment flows from the word power. Empowerment of women would mean encouraging women to be self-reliant, economically independent, have positive self-esteem, generate confidence to face any difficult situation and incite active participation in various socio-political development endeavors. The growing conscience is to accept women as individuals capable of making rational and educated decisions about them as well as the society, increasing and improving the economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right as men, achieve internationally agreed goals for development and sustainability, and improve the quality of life for their families and communities. The various facets of women empowerment that needs to be addressed for a rounded out development are listed as:-

Human Rights or Individual Rights: A woman has the right to express her thoughts and opinions freely, without any restriction. Individual empowerment may be achieved by imparting self-confidence to articulate and assert the power of independent decision making. Women should be aware of their rights and social positions that they are entitled to constitutionally.

Social Empowerment of Women: The most critical aspect of social empowerment of women is the promotion of gender equality. Gender equality implies that in society women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life.

Educational Empowerment of Women: It means enabling women to grab the knowledge, skills, and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process. Giving preference to the girl child for educational opportunities is a start.

Economic and Occupational Freedom: It means reducing the financial dependence of women on their male counterparts by making them a significant part of the human resource. A better quality of material life, within the family as well as for the overall society, can be achieved through promotion of sustainable livelihoods like cottage industries, small entrepreneurial efforts owned and managed by women.

Empowerment Through Legal Knowledge: Not only does it suggest the provision of an effective legal structure which is supportive of women empowerment, there also is the need to spread awareness among women about their legal rights and laws preventing their exploitation. It means addressing the gaps between what the law prescribes and what actually occurs.

Political Empowerment of Women: The existence of a political system encouraging the participation of women in the political decision-making process and in governance. Indian constitution has provided the bulwarks for gender equality in the country in the following articles:-

Article 14 – Equality before law “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth”

Article 16 (2) – Equal Opportunities “No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State”.

Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.

Article 39(a) – The citizen, men & women equally have the right to an adequate means of livelihood.

Article 40(after the 73rd Amendment) – 1/3rdof seats in panchayats shall be reserved for women.

Article 42 – State shall make provisions for just and humane working conditions & maternity relief.

Article 51 A (e) – One of the duties of every citizen is to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of woman.

Government Laws and its subsequent amendments have seen larger inclusion of women with respect to their standing in the society. The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005 stating that women get equal share in the ancestral property or the Equal remuneration Act, 1976, has contributed towards a better footing in the society. The Dowry prohibition Act, 1961, Child marriage (prohibition) Act, 1929, The indecent representation of women (prohibition) Act, 1986 and the Hindu marriage Act, 1955, preventing polygamy and bigamy, and their strict enforcements has to a large extent contributed towards lessening women exploitation. Various government schemes like Rastriya Mahila Kosh and STEP (Support to training cum Employment for women) have managed to bring financial development of rural women through self-sustainable employment. The recent Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao scheme as well as the SABLA scheme has been aimed at reducing female infanticide and promoting the importance of educating the girl child. A number of councils and bodies have been established for the well-being of women such as the National Commission for Women, Department of Women and Child Development and the Parliamentary Committee on Empowerment of Women which has reviewed various laws and recommended amendments. The National Policy for Empowerment of Women (2001) is aimed at addressing all forms of violence against women including physical, mental and that arising from customs and traditions.

Why Women Empowerment is Important

A strong patriarchal society with deep- rooted socio-cultural values continues to affect the progress of women’s empowerment in the country. The need of the hour is an egalitarian society, where there should be no place for gender superiority. Aim of Government policies should be to identify and eliminate forces that are directed towards keeping the tradition of male dominance over its female counterpart alive.

Women constitute roughly 50% of the nation’s population and a majority of them remain economically dependent, without employment. Many of them are even unaware of the fact that they are eligible for positions that men enjoy. The result is that the economy of the country is skewed due to underutilization of available human resources. Women are generally considered less competent, both intellectually as well as physically as compared with men. As a result the opportunities extended towards them become biased and obtrusive without actual evaluation of their competencies. While scientific data proclaims women to be more adept at multi-tasking than men, they still remain the second choice for employers in the country.

In major parts of India as well as the world, women are still denied basic education and are never allowed to pursue higher education despite possessing the acumen needed. This colossal waste of talent is definitely holding economies backward.

Women empowerment in its actuality is synonymous with complete development of the society. An educated woman, with knowledge about health, hygiene, cleanliness is capable of creating a better disease-free environment for her family. A self-employed woman is capable of contributing not only to her family’s finances, but also contributes towards increment of the country’s overall GDP. A shared source of income is much more likely to uplift the quality of life than a single income household and more often than not helps the family come out of poverty trap. Women aware of their legal rights are less likely to be victims of domestic violence or other forms of exploitations. Their inherent aptitude towards organization and well-rounded maintenance of home makes them uniquely suited for political and civil leadership roles. The 73rd & 74th Amendments (1993) to the constitution of India have provided some special powers to women – reservation of seats(33%) and the ‘New Panchayati Raj’ – to empower women at least at the village level, is a prime example of the point in discussion. Participation of women in political and social positions of power has seen marked reduction in corruption in those specific areas which adds another advantageous point in favor of women empowerment.

Women empowerment is currently a burning issue on the minds of nation’s policymakers as it commands a lot of media attention and international focus lately. It is a fact that women are built different than men by nature yet this difference cannot be translated to mean inferiority. In the few last decades, India has witnessed some changes in the status and role of women in our society. There has been shift in policy approaches – what was focused on ‘welfare’ in the seventies, ‘development’ in the eighties and ‘growth’ in the nineties, has now been tagged with the contemporary term of ’empowerment’. Empowering women socially, economically, educationally, politically and legally is going to be a Herculean task. It will not be easy changing the deep-rooted perception that women are inferior, dependent and dispensable, resulting in a culture of disregard for women in Indian society. But it does not mean that change is implausible. Time is needed to eradicate the perception. But with the push towards the right direction and a lot of effort directed, this task might just be achievable. All we need is an organized approach from the Government and law enforcement agencies of the country focused in the right direction that would rest only with the liberation of women from all forms of evil.

Women empowerment is one of the most challenging social issues in India. It is the ever running topic all over the country. Students generally get assigned by teachers in their classrooms to write some paragraphs during any competition held in the school or college. It helps teachers to enhance English writing skill and knowledge of students about this topic. Here we have provided some simple and easy paragraph on women empowerment to help students. They can select any women empowerment paragraph given below:

Paragraph on Women Empowerment

Women Empowerment Paragraph – 1

Women empowerment means empowering women with all their rights they should have in the family, society, school, college and country just like a man. It is to make them able so that they can make own independent decisions for their personal development. The status of women in the Indian society is still backward because of the gender inequality. Women also should be given equal rights like men to really empower them. They should not be treated as weak gender of the society as they occupy almost half population of the country so they are half strength of the country. Women have more patience and effort; they can better develop their country.

Sometimes it seems that why we are talking about women empowerment because how it is possible in the country where crimes against women are running in parallel. It loses the confidence level of women to actively come out of their homes and participate fearlessly in all the activities like a man. Some of the crimes against women in India are rape, sexual harassment, kidnapping and abduction, dowry death, molestation, torture, trafficking, importation of girls, etc. Such crimes inhibit the women empowerment to spread its wings and empower women.


Women Empowerment Paragraph – 2

There are several challenges on the way of women empowerment. Lots of crimes against women in the society are raising the issues of women’s rights in India. To benefit the women empowerment in India, it needs to remove all the issues and challenges faced by women for years. Most common challenges are related to the education, poverty, health and safety of the women. After independence of country, India had to face lots of challenges which had created a big gap between men and women especially in the field of education. The ratio of educated adult men and women is 82.14% and 65.46%.

Women in India have been the victim of exploitation for many years despite of UN Charter of Human Rights and provisions of the Indian Constitution. This gap can be removed by educating women and make them independent which is the only option to break the wall of inequality, negligence, intolerance, social taboo and exploitation. Poverty is another issue of backwardness of women in the society. Eradication of poverty can be removed by eradicating the women illiteracy. Generally women are exploited in the home for domestic helps. If poverty, health, safety, crime and other issues related to women are removed, then we can see the real dream of women empowerment after 20 years later in future.


Women Empowerment Paragraph – 3

Women empowerment is empowering women with their full rights to live a happy and free life without any hesitation and fear in the society. There are total eight Millennium Development Goals constituted by the United Nations Development Programme in order to ensure equality and peace all across the world. The third one of the Millennium Development Goals is to empower women in India by promoting gender equality and eliminating gender disparity through the proper education of both genders. There was a deadline of doing this by 2005 however missed by the country. According to the condition and status of women in India till 2015, we can say that disparity will not be eliminated by another 10 years in future.

Ministry of Human Resource Development has established the Ministry for Women and Child Development in India in 1985 for the welfare and holistic development of women and children. Following initiatives are run under this programme such as Integrated Child Development Services, Swayamsidha Programme, National Commission for Women, etc.

Women Empowerment Paragraph – 4

As we all are well aware of the women situation in the country through news on TV, newspaper or magazines. Various bad practices, incidents and accidents are happening with women in India. Despite India is a country of rich heritage, tradition, culture, etc, its women are not treated as equal as men in the society. Women here are considered as Lakshmi of home however they are exploited behind the curtain even by their rude family members. Girls are not given the same facilities in the home like boys which indicates that people have gender inequality in their mind. Women in India are considered as the second grade citizen in their own country.

It is hard to believe about the possibility of women empowerment in India even after lots of acts, projects, campaigns, etc are run especially for this purpose. Because there is need to change mind set of people towards women in the society. Last few years rape crimes against women in the national capital was really very surprising and it was more shocked that it happened in the city headed by a woman Chief Minister. Women empowerment cannot occur until gender discrimination exists in the country.


Women Empowerment Paragraph – 5

Women empowerment means to empower women with the full social rights, economical stability, political rights, judicial strength and other rights. Women should get proper rights in the society like a man without any gender discrimination between men and women. Women should know as well as get the proper fundamental rights once they born. A woman can be considered with women empowerment when:

  • She gets respect and dignity.
  • She lives her life independently according to her own lifestyle whether at home or outside.
  • She feels free to take her own decision according to her choice.
  • She gets equal rights in the society like a man.
  • She does not feel gender discrimination in any field.
  • She feels safe and secure whether at home or outside at work place, street, etc.

Women Empowerment Paragraph – 6

Women empowerment is giving women their full rights in the society. They have all rights from birth like a man however, have been restricted by the people for many years. There is no doubt that women have equally participated in the growth and development of the country. It is also a fact that if women are not given their rights, a country cannot be developed completely. It has been around seven decades of Independence however; there is still a male-dominated society in country. It is a country where women leaders are available in all the work fields such as scientist, space, railway, metro, research, school, doctor, engineer, etc, however; still people think that women is a weaker section of the society.

Swami Vivekananda was a great person who had well said that, “There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved, It is not possible for a bird to fly on only one wing”. So, in order to be a fully developed country, India has to empower its other half human resource.


Women Empowerment Paragraph – 7

If we see in our history, we found that women had enjoyed their rights a lot in ancient time especially in Rig- Vedic period however later in Vedic civilization it was deteriorated. Slowly women were restricted to home and denied for education, widow remarriage, ownership of property and other rights. They started bearing some crimes against them such as child marriages, dowry system, sati pratha, etc and it became more deteriorated during Gupta period.

During British rule in India, many social reformers worked a lot for the women empowerment however; they only became successful in removing sati pratha and denial for widow remarriages. Currently, women has started participating in almost all the activities such as education, politics, sports, media, art, service sectors, science and technology, etc. However, because of the deep-rooted patriarchal mentality, they are still being tortured, victimized, exploited and humiliated. There is still gender discrimination in the fields of education, freedom, and economy. Constitution of India has made various provisions for equality of women in India however; women are not benefited completely because of some system issue.


Women Empowerment Paragraph – 8

Women empowerment is empowering women with all the rights and facilities in the society so that they can live freely without any fear and restriction. There are some challenges to the women empowerment such as:

  • There is a trend of patriarchal system in Indian society in which man of the home put all the traditional and cultural burden over women and he himself involve in the ruling activities like lord. In the male dominated country, honour killing is a common challenge for women.
  • There is a big gap between men and women’s basic facilities in the Indian society. This is called as gender discrimination where boys are more preferred over girls.
  • There is various violence and crimes happen against women in the society such as rapes, acid attacks, sexual harassment, kidnapping, etc because of delay in the legal procedures.
  • There is also lack of political will which delays political empowerment of women.
  • There is unavailability of proper facilities in the schools for girls.
  • There is much delayed justice system in India even rape cases become pending.


Women Empowerment Paragraph – 9

Women empowerment means strengthening women with their all the rights of social, economic and educational needs. It is to create an environment having no gender inequality for the women. It is to empower them with equal rights in the family, society, community, and workplaces. Women cover around half population of the country means without their growth, there is no any growth and development in the country. Empowering women will boom the overall development of society because of active participation of women in all the areas. However, there are some challenges and barriers to the women empowerment due to the inherent superiority complex among males, involvement of women in domestic responsibilities for years, limited participation in social and economic activities, restrictions to women’s outing, preference of boy-child for higher education and healthy diet, and many more.


Women Empowerment Paragraph – 10

Women empowerment in India is very necessary if we really want to lead our country towards development. The condition of women in current time has become better now, they have started participating in almost all the working areas. However, some terrible crimes against women in last few years have made all women in India very scared and worried. Development of country requires women empowerment because a huge population of women all around India is illiterate and unemployed. They need to be given equal opportunity at home, society and workplaces by destroying all the crimes against women. They are very competent, talented, and intelligent like a man and can perform socio-economic activities. Empowering them will reduce domestic violence, corruption, and poverty as well as enhance economic power and national development.


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