Pollution control, in environmental engineering, any of a variety of means employed to limit damage done to the environment by the discharge of harmful substances and energies. Specific means of pollution control might include refuse disposal systems such as sanitary landfills, emission control systems for automobiles, sedimentation tanks in sewerage systems, the electrostatic precipitation of impurities from industrial gas, or the practice of recycling. For full treatment of major areas of pollution control, seeair pollution control, wastewater treatment, solid-waste management, and hazardous-waste management.
Next to the conservation of species from the loss of biological diversity, the control of pollution is the conservation problem of greatest magnitude; it might even be argued that pollution control is more urgent and important. Ultimately, the control of pollution involves a number of social decisions: 1) not to allow the escape into the environment of substances or forms of energy that are harmful to life, 2) to contain and recycle those substances that could be harmful if released into the environment in excessive quantities, and 3) not to release into the environment substances that persist and are toxic to living things. The knowledge and technology needed to put these decisions to work are now available. Pollution control does not mean an abandonment of existing productive human activities but their reordering so as to guarantee that their side effects do not outweigh their advantages.
However, for economic reasons, none of these measures is applied universally, and political and social pressures have not yet forced their application. Developing countries have expressed fear that excessive concern over pollution could impede their economic development—and indeed some of these countries have become sanctuaries for industries that find it less expensive to operate there than in areas with more rigorous standards. It is apparent that pollution control, regardless of the advanced state of its technology, will become a reality only when people demand it and only when nations are willing to agree on appropriate international standards.
Introduction: Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances into the environment such as air, water and land making them unsuitable for use.
What is Pollution Control? Pollution control is the process of eliminating or reducing/ doing away with practices that harm the environment.
How to Control Pollution? The following measures can be taken for effective control of pollution.
Reduce the use of poly-bags. These cause a dirty and unhealthy environment to live in. instead of using poly-bags, try to use reusable bags especially when going for shopping.
Tree planting. Trees help to purify the air and act as water catchment areas. Practicing afforestation and reforestation leads to reduces chances of air pollution.
Have efficient drainage systems. Drainage is a key factor when it comes to the environment. Factories should avoid draining dirt into water bodies. This can lead to harmful diseases.
Create awareness. The government should have environmental education initiatives to create awareness on the importance of the environment. Tell people what is good or bad for the environment.
Practice proper waste disposal. Waste is a key factor when it comes to pollution. Having a system that takes care of waste such as renewable and non-renewable waste can help in pollution control.
Reduce the introduction of harmful gases into the air. Factories play a major role when it comes to air pollution. Use of renewable energy is encouraged. At a personal level, try to use public means of transport, walk or cycle.
Pollution control is an initiative that everyone of us should play a role in doing. It helps to keep the environment clean and reduces the chances of diseases and illnesses. Everyone should be responsible in their own way to reduce pollution.
Category: Blog, EnvironmentTagged With: Pollution